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- Fever and cough in dogs - How my dog stays healthy part 4/33 - Tips for dog's health
Fever and cough in dogs - How my dog stays healthy part 4/33 - Tips for dog's health
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Fever and cough in dogs
Fever and cough are not in themselves diseases but usually appear as a secondary symptom of various underlying diseases. Symptoms, causes and treatment options of fever and cough in dogs, you can read in this article.
Tony caught a cold
Fever in dogs
If your dog has an increased body temperature, it means a fever. The body temperature of dogs is typically between 38 ° C - 39 ° C (100°F – 102°F). In humans, this is slightly lower (36 ° C - 37 ° C / 97°F – 100°F). Does your dog have a temperature of over 39 ° C (102°F), it is called elevated temperature. Is it over 40 ° C (104°F) then it is fever. Critical and dangerous for your dog it is, if the fever rises to over 42 ° C (107°F).
Nevertheless it does not mean that any increase in temperature is fever. If your dog, for example, was long time in the cold or has been lying in the sun, this may increase the body temperature. Also excessive physical activity can cause an increase in temperature. These increases, however, are only short term.
A change of the body temperature in the dog, often also causes a change in behavior. In fever, the dog is feeling limp and avoids movement. The dog breathes faster, the heart rate increases and often also it may occur a loss of appetite or chills. Usually the ears and the less hairy parts, such as belly and inside of the legs, feel hot. The nose can be warm and dry. Likewise, there may be a reduced intestinal activity, which manifests itself in very firm and dry feces.
Causes of fever
Fever is usually an accompanying symptom of an existing underlying disease and can have various causes:
Infection with viruses, bacteria, parasites, fungi, such as
- Lyme disease
- Kennel Cough
Inflammatory diseases such as
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Meningeal inflammation
- Prostate inflammation
- Uterine suppuration
Immune-related diseases, such as
Bone marrow diseases
Side effects of medications
Treatment of fever in dogs
Fever, as well as in humans, is a natural reaction of the immune system to combat pathogens. Not always fever needs to be treated in dogs. If the fever occurs only for a short time and is not very high, it lowers often by itself. Different is when your dog has a high fever, he feels pretty bad or the fever itself holds over a longer time, you should go to the vet so that he can determine the cause and initiate therapeutic measures. Here, there is no uniform treatment. Depending on the underlying disease, the veterinarian administers antibiotics, anti-inflammatory or antipyretic drugs. It is also important that the dog will drink enough.
Cough in dogs
Cough, is like fever, not a standalone disease, but a symptom. Coughing is a natural reflex of the body to open the airway of foreign bodies or dirt. Cough in dogs manifests itself with a loud discharge of air. The cough may occur dry or with mucus or discharge.
Causes of cough in dogs
Dry cough is usually an indication of a respiratory disease, while moist cough indicates a bacterial infection.
Here, a slight cold or bronchitis is the most common cause. In a sudden cough, a foreign body may have set in the airways. A rare cause of dry cough is lung worm infestation. If the dog has over two to three weeks dry cough, so it will probably be a chronic cough. These include, for example, chronic bronchitis, heart disease, asthma, or diseases of the airway. With heart disease or asthma, the dogs cough usually on exertion or at night. If the dog coughs especially in excitement or joy, a disease of the trachea is very likely.
If moist cough is not treated, it can develop to pneumonia with purulent mucus. The dog feels weak and has little appetite. It could also be an advanced heart disease with pulmonary edema. The dog will then regurgitate the mucus.
Causes of cough in dogs are, for example:
- Infections with viruses, bacteria and parasites
- Chronic bronchitis
- Lung Tumors
- Narrowed airways by tumor or foreign body
- Heart disease
Treatment of cough in dogs
If the dog has a slight cough, no fever and behaves as usual, then you can treat him by yourself. You should give your dog plenty of rest and do not do any sports activities with him. Many dogs react to dry air sensitive. Here you can remedy with fresh air, but please no drafts, or create a more humid climate. With a bowl of water on the heater the room air can be humidified. A very good remedy for cough is natural honey that has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effect. Natural honey you can get from the beekeeper or in a health food store. Natural honey strengthens also the immune system and fights febrile infections. The easiest way is to mix a little of it in the drinking water of your dog.
But if other symptoms occur, the cough gets worse or does not get better after two to three days, then you should go to the vet. The veterinarian can then identify the exact cause. If the dog has, for example, an allergy, he may prescribe anti-allergic and give advice on how to avoid the allergy trigger. For infectious diseases antibiotic and antitussive drugs are administered. For an existing heart disease, which has a cough as an accompanying symptom, heart medications are given.
Now you know the causes, symptoms and treatment options of fever and cough in dogs and can better respond to it, so that your little darling feels better.
In the next part of this article series I will address the issue of "worms in dogs". Until then, keep it puggy!
---> Ticks in dogs - How my dog stays healthy part 6/33 - Tips for dog's health
---> Worms in dogs - How my dog stays healthy part 5/33 - Tips for dog's health
---> Diarrhea in dogs - How my dog stays healthy part 3/33 - Tips for dog's health
---> Vaccinations for the dog - How my dog stays healthy - Part 2/33 - Tips for dog's health
---> Overview - How my dog stays healthy - Part 1/33 - Tips for dog's health