Giardia in dogs - How my dog stays healthy part 9/33 - Tips for dog's health
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Giardia in dogs
Does your dog suffer under recurrent diarrhea? Then there is the possibility that he has been infected with giardia. Learn what causes, symptoms, treatments, and preventive measures are available with a giardia infection.
What are giardia in dogs?
Giardia in dogs are unicellular small intestinal parasites that attach themselves to the intestinal mucosa and can cause the dog to diarrhea and vomiting. Especially puppies and dogs with weakened immune systems show symptoms of an infection with this parasite.
Are giardia contagious?
The giardia in dogs survive as cysts in the feces of infected dogs up to a week. In the bottom or cold water up to a few weeks.
Dogs become infected through contact with infected dogs (e.g. licking the dog) sniff on / lick of infected feces, water or food. Here, you have to consider that giardia do not only infested dogs but also other mammals and birds.
A dog that is infested with giardia, is very contagious. For this reason, the parasites spread in kennels or homes with multiple dogs or in unhygienic conditions very quickly. So that giardia do not spread, you should always remove dog faeces and take hygienic measures (regularly clean food bowls, etc.).
Giardia can be transferred from dogs to humans and vice versa.
How do you recognize if the dog has been infected with Giardia?
Giardia do not always cause immediate health restrictions. Many dogs have been infected with these intestinal parasites, but are in some way deal with them showing no significant symptoms, but constantly they are excrete them in feces.
Typical symptoms of a giardia infestation are usually irregular, strong and recurrent diarrhea, sometimes slightly bloody, yellowish, frothy or slimy.
In such an infestation treatments do not hit against the diarrhea. And even bland diet can not make the feces firmer. Furthermore, the dogs can have a dull coat, suffer from abdominal pain, vomiting and losing weight.
Giardia can be detected by a veterinarian using a fecal examination. Because the intestinal parasites are not excreted daily, it makes sense to pick up the feces for several days and then handed over to the vet for analysis.
How can be giardia treated in dogs?
The treatment of Giardia infestation in dogs is usually done using special drugs such as fenbendazole or metronidazole that kill the parasites. Generally, the treatment takes several days, and must be repeated, if necessary, after a few weeks.
During this time, it is recommended to feed low-carb food and no dairy products. Furthermore hygienic measures should be taken to avoid further infection. It is advisable to wash the dog basket, blankets, etc. at high temperatures, clean food-, water-bowls and toys daily with boiling water and clean the dog (bathing, cleaning anus and fur after a walk).
In addition, the feces should be collected and disposed so that other dogs / animals can not be infected. The contact with other dogs should be avoided because of the high risk of infection, as long as the dog is suffering from giardia.
Now you have a good overview of giardia in dogs and the various treatment and preventive measures.
In the next part of this article series I will address the issue of "overweight in dogs". Until then, keep it puggy!
---> Mites in dogs - How my dog stays healthy part 8/33
---> Fleas in dogs - How my dog stays healthy part 7/33
---> Ticks in dogs - How my dog stays healthy part 6/33
---> Worms in dogs - How my dog stays healthy part 5/33
---> Fever and cough in dogs - How my dog stays healthy part 4/33
---> Diarrhea in dogs - How my dog stays healthy part 3/33
---> Vaccinations for the dog - How my dog stays healthy - Part 2/33
---> Overview - How my dog stays healthy - Part 1/33 - Tips for dog's health