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  • Worms in dogs - How my dog stays healthy part 5/33 - Tips for dog's health

Worms in dogs - How my dog stays healthy part 5/33 - Tips for dog's health

2 years, 7 months ago - Views

Worms in dogs - How my dog stays healthy part 5/33 - Tips for dog's health

A worm infestation in dogs manifests itself in different ways. The symptoms can be different depending on the worm species, stage of worm infestation and in terms of age of the dog. Find out which worm types, causes, symptoms and preventive treatment options there are for worm infestation.

 

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What are worms in dogs?

Worms are parasites that can occur in dogs relatively often and can lead to significant health problems. There are different types of worms that can infest a dog. These include for example:

  • Tapeworms
  • Hookworms
  • roundworm
  • Heartworm
  • Whipworm
  • Lungworm

 

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Except for heartworm, the worms settle in the adult stage in the intestine of the dog. Some worm species, such as the hookworm can be transmitted to humans.

What are the causes of worm infestation?

Infection via the food and mouth

The dog can take during a walk by sniffing, licking or eating of feces of infected animals, worm eggs. These penetrate into the intestinal tract of the dog and continue to develop. A risk of infection is also there if the dog eats, for example, infected birds or mice. Some tapeworm species are transmitted by infected fleas that the dog swallowed.

Infection via the skin

Larvae of hookworms can, for example, penetrate through the skin and then continues to develop.

Infectious mosquitoes

With a mosquitoes stitch, a dog can become infected with heartworms that live in the adult stage in the heart or in the pulmonary vessels of the dog. These mosquitoes usually occur in moist and warm regions.

Infection over the dam

If the mother has swallowed worm eggs they will develop into larvae later in their body. About the blood they achieve the uterus and the mammary glands. The unborn puppies can become infected with the worms themselves. After birth, the parasites are transmitted through the breast milk.

What are the common symptoms of worm infestation?

The symptoms of the worm infestation also depend on the worm species and the age of the animal. Therefore worms can cause various sufferings and complications. A moderate worm infestation usually remains unnoticed by the holder while the symptoms are more apparent in heavy worm infestation. Possible symptoms that can occur here in dogs are:

  • Excretion of tapeworms in the faeces (look like rice grains)
  • Bloody diarrhea
  • General weakness
  • Itching of the anus
  • Bowel obstruction
  • weight loss
  • Vomiting
  • Skin irritation
  • Diarrhea
  • Bloated belly (usually in puppies)
  • Anemia
  • Cough
  • Loss of appetite

 

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How can worms be recognized?

Worms can be identified by the veterinarian either through the feces of the dog or using a blood test. With a fecal sample the vet may optionally detect the worm species under a microscope. It may happen that in a fecal examination, the veterinarian finds no worm eggs. However, this does not necessarily mean that the dog has no worms, as some worm eggs of some species of worms are also excreted irregularly. A heartworm infestation may be determined with the help of a blood test by the vet.

 

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How to treat worms in dogs?

A worm infestation is usually treated with a worm treatment by the veterinarian. It is a drug that kills the worms in the body of the dog. The drug can be administered as a tablet or as a syringe. The worm treatment only kills worms that are actually in the body and does not prevent against another worm infestation. Furthermore, other symptoms that have been caused by the worm infestation, may be treated.

How can you prevent worms in dogs?

A preventive measure against worms is a regular deworming that kills existing worms or larvae, thus preventing that they can develop further. This can be performed every three to six months. For example, hunting dogs should get a deworming more often, as they are particularly at risk to get infected. In puppies, the first worm treatment should take place at the age of 10 to 14 days. If the dog is frequently suffering from worm infestation, you can let regularly examine the feces by the vet. It is also important to check your dog regularly at flea infestation because fleas can transmit tapeworm.

During walks you should make sure that the dog does not eat the feces of other dogs or animals or comes into contact with dead animals, such as mice or birds. You should regularly examine the anus and the feces of your dog if there are tapeworms. These look similar to a grain of rice. When traveling with your dog in areas at risk for heartworm you should apply a mosquito protection to your dog. Here they are also special dog collars available. It would be ideal to avoid such areas with your dog, of course.

 

Clean regularly the basket and the “occupied areas” of your dog. Here, a salt water solution helps especially against worm infestation. Also, the feeding of raw meat and slaughterhouse waste increases the risk of worm infestation.

When should I see a vet?

If your dog shows the above symptoms of a worm infestation, you should promptly have him examined by your vet so that your dog can be treated. Here you prevent serious secondary diseases and at very bad cases even the death of the dog. Furthermore, you must be aware that some types of worms can be transmitted to humans, which can lead to serious diseases. At this point you should, beside the visit to the vet, take hygiene measures such as hand washing and cleaning the dog places at your home.

Now you know the causes, symptoms and preventive treatment options of worms in dogs and you can better respond to it, so that your little darling feels better.

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In the next part of this article series I will address the issue of "ticks in dogs". Until then, keep it puggy!

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Read also:

--> Ticks in dogs - How my dog stays healthy part 6/33 - Tips for dog's health

---> Fever and cough in dogs - How my dog stays healthy part 4/33 - Tips for dog's health

---> Diarrhea in dogs - How my dog stays healthy part 3/33 - Tips for dog's health

---> Vaccinations for the dog - How my dog stays healthy - Part 2/33 - Tips for dog's health

---> Overview - How my dog stays healthy - Part 1/33 - Tips for dog's health

 

 

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