Basics for successful dog training Part 2/3
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Basics for successful dog training Part 2/3
In the first part you have learned how a dog learns and what the key points for a successful dog training are. In this part, I present you the most common mistakes that are made in dog training, and how these can be best avoided.
Why does it not work?
Sometimes the training measures do not work out quite how you imagine it. This can have various causes. Below I show the most common mistakes in dog training and give useful alternatives.
A reward must be considered from our four legged friend as a reward. The reward must follow immediately after the requested action, so that the dog can associate the reward with his action. Here, the right timing is important.
It may also not work because he does not like the treat or toy and therefore he does not consider it as a reward. Very often, bad behavior is rewarded, without the owner's knowledge. An example: You come home and your dog will greet you and jumps on you. You pets and welcomes him. The dog learns that jumping up attracts attention and affection. Unconsciously, you have rewarded your dog for bad behavior.
The same applies for punishments. If the dog is constantly scolded he gets used to it and don´t see it as a punishment. Definitely you should not hit or kick the dog.
Tolerate bad behavior
Incorrect behavior is usually tolerated with young dogs, as most think it will improve automatically after the age of puberty or they find this behavior just "sweet". Unfortunately, it is usually not so. The dog learns that his bad behavior does not entail any consequences. The owner must prevent and "punish" this every time. This is the only way the dog can learn that his behavior is not desired.
No consistency and assertiveness
Without a consistent training with rules and limits the education of a dog will not work. An undesirable behavior must always be "punished". While always desirable behavior must be rewarded. Although it is not always easy for us two legged, it must be consistently applied in everyday life. It is important that all family members apply the same rules and limits.
Too high expectations and excessive demands of the dog
Sometimes we are impatient and we simply ask too much from our best friend, without that we might realize. Of course, you have to give the dog the time to learn new things and we need to bring the patience that some things take time. It is always advisable to exercise only for a short time (a few minutes a day) with the dog and to keep repeating the exercises over time, without overstraining the dog. The dog must primarily have fun doing the exercises. If we constantly overstrain him, he will quickly lose the joy of practice.
Lack of exercise
A balanced dog needs plenty of exercise. Just walking around the block is not enough here. It also depends on the dog breed, how much exercise they need. But regardless of the breed, a dog should be at least 1.5 - 2 hours walking a day. A balanced dog is more receptive, calmer and obedient.
Wrong incentives / signals
We send sometimes wrong signals to the dog unconsciously. This may be tension / anxiety when meeting another dog and we keep the leash tight. These signals are transmitted mostly to the dog and produce undesirable behavior. Here you must always try to be calm and determined and radiate a positive energy.
Examples: Some owners draw enthusiastic their attention of their puppy on pigeons, ducks or rabbits. The dog then runs normally to the animals and wants to hunt. This encourages undesirable behavior, which is difficult to wean again in adulthood.
Some people locked their dog in a room when some visitors are coming. The dog will associates visits by people as negative or a punishment.
Talking too much: Who does not know it from the park "Sit ... siiit! .... Siiiitt! .... Fido sit down now!! What did I tell you!!" Here the owner gets always stressed and frantic. A good leader is always calm and assertive, never frantic. A clear command (always the same word) in a calm and assertive sound is better than speak many different sentences, which the dog can not understand. Give it a try.
Lack of socialization in the puppy age
A dog should be socialized with people, dogs, environmental stimuli and other animals as a puppy. Only a well-socialized dog can be a good socially compatible dog. Dogs that have been socialized only inadequate tend to have behavioral disorders, such as anxiety and aggression and have problems to find their way in their environment. Here it is advisable to meet up with other dogs or visit a puppies group. The dog should do everything possible to become acquainted with. These include cars and car rides, motorcycles, trucks, children, washing machine, vacuum cleaner, other animals, rides on buses and trains, etc. Again, it is important not to overwhelm the dog.
If you have concerns and do not succeed get professional help
If it does not work so with the training, you can let you help by a professional dog trainer who can show you how you can do it right and indicates your mistakes.
In the third part I will list what you should consider for training in the different ages of dogs.
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