Basics for successful dog training Part 3/3
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Basics for successful dog training Part 3/3
Tony as a ten weeks old puppy
In the first part you have learned how a dog learns and what the key points for a successful dog training are. In the second part I have presented you the most common mistakes that are made in dog training, and how these can be best avoided. In the last part of this article series I will list what you should consider for training in the different ages of dogs. So you have a good basis to train your dog successfully.
What, at what age?
1st - 8th week
In the first weeks of life, the training and socialization begins with the mother and the breeder. The puppy learns the behavior and fundamentals in the pack and in the family. The puppies play a lot with each other and thus learn to assess themselves. If a puppy bites firmly for example, the other puppy will scream and stop playing. Thus, the puppy will be playing next time more cautious.
Behaviors that the dog is learning in the sensitive phase between the 4th to the 8th week, will fundamentally characterize the subsequent behavior of the dog. For this reason, it is very important, that you acquire a puppy only from a breeder who cares a lot about the animals and ensures people contact and variation.
From the eighth week on, the puppies can be separated from their mother and can move to the new owner. The first few days should be used to settling, because the little puppy needs only once: to explore his new home and get through the shock of separation from the mother and the brothers and sisters. The puppy needs a lot of love, security and time. It is highly advisable that someone is 24 hours there for the little one. You should take time off from work.
During this time, the training on housebreaking begins. The best is to take out the puppy every 2-3 hours and always praise him when he does the big or small business. As a rough guide: take him out after awakening, eating or playing. His name should also be practiced. A bond to the new owner e.g. through play, cuddle, eat treats out of your hand, etc. should also be set up in the first week.
9th -12th week
From the ninth week on the puppy will be socialized. This means that the small four-legged friend meets other people, other dogs, other animals, etc. The puppy should be used to the leash, and to car driving. It should also be practiced the leash guide (on the various encounters like passers-by, other dogs, prams, bicycles, etc.).
The inborn instincts such as biting of objects or scratching of furniture should be re-educated. A puppies group can be also visited during this time. The puppy should be set with clear and firm limits. Undesirable behavior must consistently be "punished" and desired behavior extensively praised (How to: see part 1 and part 2 of this article series). Even if it is sometimes extremely difficult, you must always be consistent with the sweet puppy.
12th -18th week
From the 12th – 18th week you can begin with the environmental socialization. Here the puppy will get to know the world together with you. As the pack leader you need to radiate a calm and positive energy. At this age the puppy should not walk longer than 30 minutes per day.
There is so much to discover: car-driving, bus, rail, road traffic, underpasses, bridges, shopping centers, halls, elevator, department stores, vacuum cleaner, washing machine, noise, thunderstorm, television and radio, crowds, screaming and running children, babies, veterinarian, bicycles, skateboards, different floors (e.g. parquet, pebbles, wood boards, water, etc.), other dogs, other animals, many people (with hat, sunglasses, with crutches, in wheelchairs, on the bike, stroller, etc.) and much more ... Do not force the puppy to do something. It is best when the little one is in control of the discoveries. Thus he can not be overwhelmed with the different situations.
During this time, you can also let get used the puppy to stay alone. Before that, he should not be left unattended under any circumstances. So it is advisable to get a puppy when you have holiday.
Initially, you should only left the room for a few minutes without saying goodbye. If you just come back inside, you should behave as normally as possible, so do not immediately celebrate a "Welcome Back Party", but do so as if it is no big deal to let the friend all alone. With each time you can increase the periods a little until the four-legged friend can be left alone for a longer time.
Tip: When you cuddle with your pup, touch also sometimes his ears, paws, belly, head, etc. So he can get used to touching from an early age. This will simplify the vet visits.
6th – 24th month
From about the 6th – 9th month the dogs, depending on the breed, reach the age of puberty. This goes hand in hand with sexual maturity. Females are slightly more precocious than males. In this phase, the yob quadruped will test out his limits and will check if he still can assume the pack leader role. It all seems to be forgotten what have been taught to the dog. So do not be alarmed, it's absolutely normal. During puberty many nerve connections in the brain are rebuilt so that the learned needs to be solidified. If you don´t do that, the character that has already taken place can be lost again.
The only way is to practice obedience and to put the young dog in his place. You should not leave too much freedom to him. You need a lot of patience and consistency. The first signs of aggressive behavior should be prohibited with appropriate measures. Even if it initially appears sweet while the puppy defends his bones with neck and crop - this can not be tolerated under any circumstances. To wean this misbehavior again costs a lot of effort afterwards.
Many dog owners think / hope that negative behavior sets again by itself after puberty. Regrettably, the negative behavior is rather solidifying over time. Negative or unwanted behavior must be stopped always calm and consistent. Of course, being proactive is here better than reactive.
An example: You know exactly what your dog loves. Whether this are toys, treats, etc. Whenever he should get something he loves, he should do something for it (desired behavior). Desirable behavior is always rewarded with loved stuff. Does he not do what you required, he gets nothing. This can also help in situations when the dog just makes total nonsense to distract him from it. He is fixed to a beloved toy of him. The dog needs at this time a strong dog leader he can trust. During this time the dog forms a strong bond to people.
At this age, the typical breed behavior may show. This can be any misbehavior, a "Rodent Phase” or the rude behavior towards other dogs. During this time, it is important to weary the dog through walks, playing etc. You should give him much to do. So the dog has less energy and less time to do much nonsense.
A lot of movement here is a good remedy. From the ninth month you can go even 45 minutes per day for a walk with the dog. After one year, then even an hour. For small dogs, the bone and muscle structure is fully developed and strong with about 1 ½ years, for large dogs with about 2 years. Then you can increase the time of walks, depending on the breed and the dog's energy.
Between the 18th and 24th month, there is a second puberty phase, also called anxiety phase. The dog matures mentally. It is not as noticeable as the first puberty. Here you can see if the training of your dog was right. Wrong training is especially visible now. It may happen that the quadruped wants to test out its limits again. Many dogs, however, are very sensitive and some develop fears (e.g. high noise sensitivity). Other react suddenly aggressive to other dogs. This is usually fear aggressive behavior, which should not be confused with dominance behavior. Again, with a calm and consistent manner you have to demonstrate the dog's limits. This phase will also go over!
From the 2nd year
From the second year the stormy days are over. Usually it is everything easier. However, you should not ignore the training. The dog still needs a lot of movement and activity, and a consistent and loving training.
By the three-part articles - series you have a good overview of what you should consider for a successful dog training. I wish you much success and lots of fun with your four-legged friend. A "Like!" on our Facebook Page I would appreciate much, so you always get the latest news when a new blog article or video comes out as well as cute and great pug pics.
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